Intro to Matching
Handbook Search

Intro to Matching

Basic Gene Crossing
Every gene is considered important and should be evaluated when hypomating the stallion and mare. As in real life, each horse on FFH has 2 alleles (X or x) in each gene and will pass either of those alleles to the foal. In other words, if a horse has an Xx gene it could pass X or x, but a horse with an XX gene can only pass X. (Genetic anomalies may change these rules.) The foal can inherit a combination of alleles that may be better or worse than either or both parents - if both parents are Xx the foal could inherit xx. This explains how a Good x Good cross can still result in a Poor (or Outstanding).

You usually want to look for a stallion who improves your mare's genetic weaknesses or flaws to aim for a foal who is equal to or better than your mare. In other words, if your mare has Fair Conformation, you could improve upon her by breeding her to a stallion with Excellent or Outstanding Conformation. The exception to this rule is when crossing distance and surface, where you want to breed like to like.

If this sounds a little confusing, don't worry! Farther down the page you'll find some charts to help make matching a breeze.
Performance Genes
Conformation determines the initial injury Risk of a horse, though it is somewhat randomized and a foal can inherit better or worse Risk than Conformation may indicate. Conformation also affects your horse's maximum Potential. Excellent and Outstanding Conformation boost stats Fair and Poor will lower stats. A Good Conformation gene is neutral and has no impact on Potential.
A horse with higher Development will mature physically faster, impacting the Maturity trait and making it safer to race them at a young age. A horse with bad Development will take a lot longer to reach 100% Maturity and also contributes to negative genetic anomalies. Finally, Development determines how likely a horse will gain stats during Maintenance trainings.
Health corresponds directly to the Longevity a horse is born with. Horses who are healthier can have longer careers and start with much higher Longevity> Horses with health problems may only be able to withstand the physical stress of a few races. Lower Health can also lead to negative genetic anomalies and/or higher stillborn chances.
Intelligence influences how quickly a horse learns. A horse with higher Intelligence improves stats faster, while a horse with lower Intelligence may take much longer to max their stats. Intelligence also influences Travel - horses with higher Intelligence tend to handle traveling better.
Temperament determines a horse's maximum Consistency. Horses who have better Temperament will be more consistent in races, while horses with poor attitudes will tend to have a lot of ups and downs. Temperament also impacts how easily horses successfully complete Saddle Training and maintain Morale from week to week.
Genotype Search
Mare Matching
Genotype Search is a fantastic tool to use to find stallions for your mare(s). You can go to Genosearch found under Breeding. The very top of genosearch gives you the option to search for Retired or All; select Retired to pull up all current retired (non-racing) stallions. You can search for specific breeds using the drop-down tab. If you are new to breeding it is suggested you look for stallions that already have SIP (Stallion Incentive Program), although Freshmen may be easier on your budget. You will also be better off looking for A or B Graded stallions, especially if breeding to Freshmen, until you get more comfortable researching individual stallions and pedigrees.

As a reminder, you should match distances and surfaces a bit differently than other genes. Rather than trying to improve your mare's flaws, you need to focus on breeding like to like. In other words, breed your mare to a stallion who has similar distance and surface preferences as her. The charts below serve as a reminder for distance and surface crossing.

Distance Crossing Recommendations
Mare's Aptitude Minimum Match
Speed-Dominant Excellent Speed
Stamina-Dominant Excellent Stamina
Intermediate Outstanding Speed or Stamina
Versatile Good Speed and Stamina
Excellent Speed or Stamina

Surface/Gait Crossing Recommendations
Mare's Aptitude Minimum Match
Stronger Dirt/Sand/Trot Strong (XX) Dirt/Sand/Trot
Stronger Turf/Pace Strong (XX) Turf/Pace
No Surface Strong (XX) Dirt/Sand/Trot or Turf/Pace
Dual Mod (Xx) Dirt/Sand/Trot and Turf/Pace
Strong (SS) Dirt/Sand/Trot or Turf/Pace

Next you'll be able to input choices for most other genes. The chart below is is an example of what you should be searching for when matching Performance Genes and Heritage. If you can't see Heritage, you should always set it to a minimum of Good or Excellent. This chart also loosely applies to Stat Genes, although you cannot search for them specifically and it's not as important to ensure they're all well-matched. Just keep an eye on Stat Genes when hypomating to ensure there's not a lot of undesirable crosses.

If your mare has a Genetic Merit or seems close to it, use the (Strong) column. If your mare has many Fair and Poor genes, use the (Weak) column.

Gene Crossing Recommendations
Mare's Genes Minimum Match
Minimum Match
Fair or Poor Excellent Excellent
Good Excellent Good
Excellent Good Poor
Outstanding Fair Poor

Note: You may not be able to find an ideal match for all genes and will have to sacrifice some. Conformation can significantly impact potential, so it should generally be the last gene you sacrifice. Intelligence and Temperament are next most important as they make horses easier to train and tend to help produce stronger racers. Development and Health are generally considered the least important of the Performance Genes and are often the first sacrificed.

Reverse Matching
Genotype Search can also be used to find mares for stallions. This searches for fillies and mares within your own barn that are both retired and in training. To do this, much like with matching a mare, you can go to Genosearch found under Breeding.

Just like the mare matching above, you'll want to focus on finding mares who are a good match - they should have similar distance/surface and complimentary Performance Genes and Heritage.
Hypomating is looking at the combination of two parents' genes to determine what your future foal could look like genetically. You can find the Hypomating page under the Breeding tab. Once there, you can select any pair of your own horses or input an ID# to match to a horse you don't own.

If you've followed the guidelines above for a Genotype Search, your hypomate results should simply confirm a strong match. Even if you're confident in your search, it's important to hypomate every cross to ensure you didn't miss anything important. It's also a great way to compare several stallions to narrow down which one is best for your mare.

The easiest way to glance through the results on a Hypomate page is to look at colors. For distance and surface you should see green on both sides for either Speed or Stamina and one surface/gait. For all other genes, you're looking for a stallion who is primarily green anywhere your mare has red. You should always avoid crossing red to red - if you're seeing this in a hypomate it might indicate your search was set up wrong.
Tips to Remember
If this is your first year breeding (or if you still feel like you need some guidance), you would likely benefit from reading and following the Beginner's Stress-Less Guide to Breeding document.

After sending a breeding request, wait patiently! It can take anywhere from a few hours to a few weeks to get a response, depending on when the request is sent. The earlier you send requests, the longer you can expect to wait for a response. Many stud owners don't go through requests until mid-February! If it's after March and you haven't heard anything in over a week, you may politely send a message to check in. However, avoid repeatedly harassing stud owners, especially early in the season when they may have hundreds of requests to sort through.

If you are breeding Standardbreds, Quarter Horses, or Paint Horses, it is considered acceptable to make certain matches genetically that aren’t acceptable in TBs or GBs, due to the smaller gene pool in these breeds. This applies more to STBs since QH/PH can find matches in TBs, however it is okay if the matches in these breeds aren't what would be considered perfect (or even good) in TBs or GBs. Just keep in mind that some stud owners have different criteria when accepting matches, so a match you're okay with might not be what a stud owner is looking for.

In addition, a few key things to remember are listed below.

• It is usually unwise to start matching before February.
• Pedigree/Producing Quality is always more important than genes.
• Producer Quality is not always visible on genetics page, but can be researched through a horse's pedigree. More information can be found on the Producer Quality page.
• Distance aptitude genes (Speed/Stamina) are very important!
• If a mare is really bad, look to improve Conformation and Heritage first.
• Negative Anomalies may be caused by bad Health and Development genes as well as low stallion condition, high pregnancy risk, and IxV bloodline crosses.
• Good x Good cross can still result in a Poor.
• In a perfect situation, match every F/P Performance and Stat gene with E or higher.
• Breeding to Horse Trader Stallions comes with $250,000 bonus.
Freshmen stallions have a 30% chance to not use a breeding pass.
Never cross I x V bloodlines!
Never cross two horses that both have a Silver (ZZ/Zz) gene.
Never cross two horses that both have a Champagne (CH/Ch) gene.

As many people choose to cross Thoroughbreds, Quarter Horses, and Paint Horses, the chart below provides a guideline of what breed the resulting foal will be. Crossbreeding can restrict the offspring from series races, but otherwise will not currently affect the foals in any other way. Plus, crossbred foals can participate in series through several methods, which includes purifying them, earning the required amount of points in races, or gelding.

Cross Breeding Chart

Thursday, 05:52pm
May (Meet B)
Year 49
Meet Ends
Sunday (1:00am)

Making Magic
Issa (#1)
05/20/22 7:28 pm
The June Board Game Arena tournament is open for registration! Information can be found on Discord and the forum.
Issa (#1)
05/02/22 11:53 am
As part of our 30 (60) Days of Flowers, I will be painting every flower onto a postcard. If you'd like a chance at receiving a postcard, provide your address through this form. Recipients will be drawn randomly for each flower and each person may only be chosen once. You do not need to be inside the US to sign up.
Issa (#1)
05/02/22 11:47 am
Calling all colorists! A new quest has appeared in #inky-adventures! Are you up for the challenge?
Issa (#1)
04/30/22 12:22 pm
Final reminder: The Spring Fling sale ends sometime tomorrow!
Issa (#1)
04/26/22 10:59 am
Registration is now open for May Board Game Arena tournaments. Registration information can be found in #tournament-info on Discord.
Issa (#1)
04/21/22 2:09 pm
As matching season draws near, the Intro to Matching page has a couple updates - including new charts for genotype searching and a revision to the KISS tutorial linked within.
Issa (#1)
04/18/22 4:58 pm
You can now 'Subscribe' to forum posts to receive notification of replies.
Issa (#1)
04/18/22 4:40 pm
You may now purchase custom Goldbloods again.
Issa (#1)
04/18/22 3:43 pm
Race Preferences may now be set to include Any Tracks, which will show races at tracks from all regions.
Issa (#1)
04/18/22 10:44 am
Have you checked the forum lately? A spiffy new contest for Standardbreds is kicking off this year!
Issa (#1)
04/18/22 10:36 am
Training is now available for all horses.
Issa (#1)
04/17/22 6:14 pm
Distances and home tracks may now be assigned to Goldbloods.
Issa (#1)
04/17/22 4:39 pm
The Spring Fling Pro Shop sale has started! For every 3 PC purchased, earn 1 free! There's also a variety of fun and rare items stocked in the Pro Shop.
Issa (#1)
04/17/22 3:36 pm
Training Assistant and Jockey purse fees have been updated and can be viewed on their respective pages. You may also begin to hire assistants at Endurance tracks.
Flash (#2)
04/16/22 6:08 pm
Training will be temporarily unavailable at the start of January. Steeplechase transition for Goldbloods will also be inaccessible.
Issa (#1)
04/10/22 2:09 pm
Gelding buddies from the HT are temporarily available at reduced prices. Prices will return to normal in March Y49.
Issa (#1)
04/09/22 5:44 pm
All race preferences will now be reset when a horse is sold, leased, auctioned, or claimed.
Issa (#1)
04/09/22 5:15 pm
Driving Trials do not factor in Colt Composure or Filly Power. This applies to all current and future DT-related races.
Issa (#1)
04/09/22 3:05 pm
Groundwork for racers and Long Gallops have been improved with added benefits. More details will be in an upcoming news post as these changes may impact how you start 2 year olds in January.
Issa (#1)
04/09/22 12:41 pm
Gold Loot Crates have been reimbursed with Crystal Chalices and Green Loot Crates have been reimbursed with Classic Surprise Boxes. Apologies this update has been much delayed!
Waylon (#1593)
04/08/22 7:51 pm
The SS Yearling Raffle will begin at 8:30pm FFH time on Discord!
Issa (#1)
04/07/22 11:20 pm
Don't forget the Select Scholarship entries close Friday morning. Click here to participate!
Maeve (#1539)
04/07/22 9:08 pm
April Art to Heart is open! Our prompt this month is Blossom! Respond to the prompt to earn features and prizes. Check out our discord or the link HERE for more info!
Issa (#1)
03/31/22 11:07 am
Invites for the April BGA tournament must be requested by tomorrow, Friday, morning! Tournaments start Friday night.
Issa (#1)
03/19/22 11:15 am
New? Have questions? Just want to chat about FFH? Stop by Discord for Coffee with a Mod (me!) this morning.
Issa (#1)
03/13/22 12:02 pm
The Y48 Yearling Sales are open for consignment!
Issa (#1)
03/12/22 4:14 pm
Do you like Standardbreds? Get your driving horses lined up and prepaired for 3 mile races. Something unpaircedented is coming soon!
Issa (#1)
03/12/22 4:04 pm
Beginning in Y49, Goldbloods will no longer be sharing races with Thoroughbreds. More details on what's coming for the breed will be announced closer to that time.
Issa (#1)
03/12/22 2:10 pm
Retired Quarter Horses, Paint Horses and Standardbreds no longer suffer from extra Condition loss until they are 20 years or older.
Maeve (#1539)
03/10/22 6:46 pm
March Art to Heart art event is now open! Respond to a provided prompt and earn prizes and features! Check out our discord or the link HERE for more information!
Issa (#1)
02/28/22 11:00 pm
Moderator applications will be closing Wednesday, March 2nd. Please indicate interest, as explained in the '2022 Outlook' post, by that date.
Issa (#1)
02/25/22 10:36 pm
March Board Game Arena tournaments are open for entering. Sign up for a chance to win prizes, including end-of-tournament raffles! Information can be found in the #board-game-arena channel on Discord.
Issa (#1)
02/19/22 12:31 pm
Roses are red, violets are blue... The lovely and talented Raz (#1016) has made a new background for you! This may be a few days late, but you can still dress your horse up for an important date! Single and infinite Heart Bouquet backgrounds are currently available in the Pro Shop.
Issa (#1)
01/29/22 1:16 pm
As a reminder, you should not be reloading other players' 2 year olds. If they aren't reloaded yet, it's probably because the owner hasn't looked at them yet - don't ruin their surprise.
Issa (#1)
01/25/22 7:43 pm
Stud Services now has a breakdown of mares due in the current year and mares already covered for the upcoming year to make it easier to keep track of foal slots. Players can no longer accept breeding requests if total foals + mares in foal would exceed a stallion's foal limit.
Issa (#1)
01/25/22 7:41 pm
Spring now has a daily limit of 10 plays for monetary rewards (rather than $100,000). You may continue to play additional games to earn blackout raffle tickets.
Issa (#1)
01/24/22 11:06 pm
The Trophy Hall revamp is live! You can view it from your Stable profile page.
Issa (#1)
01/24/22 1:45 pm
Due to a bug with Blood Type inheritance, some unretired horses may have a rerolled from their sire's BT to their dam's BT.
Issa (#1)
01/23/22 7:14 pm
The February Be My Palentine Board Game Arena tournament is open for registration! Information can be found in #board-game-arena on Discord.
Issa (#1)
01/22/22 5:16 pm
Training will be temporarily unavailable after tonight's rollover into the new year.
Issa (#1)
01/22/22 12:34 pm
Male Probability is visible on Genetics pages again.
Issa (#1)
01/22/22 11:46 am
The Y48 Hill & Dale will feature races at both 2M and 4M. A new series for Standardbreds will be added to the December lineup featuring races for 2 and 3 year olds as well as a Driving Trial. More info can be found on the Events calendar.
Issa (#1)
01/21/22 12:46 pm
If you'd like to attend a Community Forum this weekend, make sure to vote in the poll on Discord!
Issa (#1)
01/20/22 11:05 am
Don't forget it's the last week to buy yearling partnerships!
Issa (#1)
01/18/22 12:18 pm
Court of Stars now rewards Heir's Crown instead of Pixie Powder and Stardust (which is retired).
Issa (#1)
01/13/22 11:19 am
Beginning in Y48, horses will only regain Energy at end-of-month rollovers. Like in off season, Energy gained will be approximately double of what has normally been gained at each meet rollover.
Issa (#1)
01/09/22 9:33 pm
Abbreviated notes from today's Community Forum can be viewed here.
Issa (#1)
01/09/22 4:09 pm
A Racing Dispersal is available at the Golden Apple Orchard now through the end of Y47. Take advantage while you can!
Issa (#1)
01/09/22 3:22 pm
You can now sell unwanted acreage from the Manage Farm page. Pro members receive 60% of the current purchase rate and non-Pro receive 40%.
Issa (#1)
01/09/22 2:55 pm
Stallions may only be listed at stud from January through June.