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|Breeding A Mare|
|Breeding season (when mares can be bred) takes place from February through June while foaling season (when foals are born) takes place from January through May. Mares on FFH, just like real life, are pregnant for 11 months. This means, for example, if a mare gets in foal in February she will foal in January.|
|Shipping And Covering|
|In order to breed a mare, you must first choose a stud for her! More information on this process can be found on the Intro To Matching page. Once you have chosen a stallion, you will need to send a request for your mare, and wait for it to be approved. Once this process has been completed, head to the Services tab, and then go to Mare Services. If your mare is ready to be bred, a truck icon will appear in her row in the mare list. Mares can only be covered if they are uninjured, not barren and not in foal – they can be bred the month after they have their foal for the year.
It is good practice to check a stallion’s condition prior to shipping a mare – a stud should be 80% condition before covering a mare. Once a mare has been shipped, the actual covering of the mare is up to the stud owner. Keep in mind that a stallion can only cover a limited amount of mares per month.
|A mare’s Fertility level can be found on her Genetic page – it will display as Low, Average, High or Barren. Fertility determines how easily a mare gets pregnant as well as playing a part in miscarriages. Low Fertility mares will have a harder time getting pregnant as well as a higher chance of a miscarriage. Additionally, Barren mares cannot be bred.
A mare’s Condition is what causes Fertility to change. Mares can lose Fertility if their Condition is below 40%. Mares can gain Fertility if their Condition is above 60% with a higher chance of a gain if their Condition is over 90%. A mare in foal’s Fertility cannot drop below Low.
Mare Fertility will also decrease in July if they aren’t bred at that point. (Covered and in foal mares count as bred).
|Check Ups are performed at the Veterinarian. The initial Check Up can be done the month after she is bred. The initial Check Up costs $50,000 and will confirm if your mare is in foal or not. If she is not in foal, she will need to be re-shipped to the stallion for a re-breed. Re-breeds do not cost an additional fee.
The final Check Up will be available five months after a mare is successfully bred and costs $50,000 per mare. This check up will either confirm the mare’s pregnancy or notify the owner of a miscarriage. Mares who miscarry may not be re-bred in the year that she miscarries. If a mare doesn’t complete her second check-up by December at the latest, the resulting foal will have a greatly heightened chance for negative genetic anomalies.
Each mare's Breeding Info page has a bar displaying Pregnancy Risk. Pro players can also find this bar in the Broodmare Quick View panel. This bar is visible for the duration of a mare's pregnancy, including the month she foals. (It will disappear the month after she foals.) Pregnancy Risk determines a mare's likelihood to have stillborn foals, breeding complications, or negative genetic anomalies. If you want to avoid these potentially devastating impacts, it's important to keep an eye on Pregnancy Risk throughout pregnancy.
A mare's initial Pregnancy Risk is based on her Condition and Energy at the time of her first check-up. The minimum starting Pregnancy Risk is 30% - meaning all mares start with at least 30% Pregnancy Risk. To ensure your mare starts with the lowest Pregnancy Risk possible it's advised you feed and train before performing her check-up.
Several factors determines whether a mare gains or loses Pregnancy Risk during her pregnancy. The primary factors impacting Pregnancy Risk are Condition and Energy. However, both Condition and Energy are impacted by Athleticism and Age, making those secondary components of Pregnancy Risk. The chart below lists the minimum guidelines to ensure a mare does not gain Pregnancy Risk. If she is significantly above these benchmarks her Pregnancy Risk may improve!
These guidelines are where a mare needs to be before monthly rollover.
|Impacts Of Pregnancy Risk|
If a mare foals with high Pregnancy Risk, there are several things that can happen to the mare and/or the foal. First, high Pregnancy Risk can result in stillborns or foaling complications. Foaling complications may cause injury or, rarely, death of the mare. When a mare is injured due to complications, she will not be able to be rebred in the same year.
If a foal survives despite high Pregnancy Risk, it is likely to suffer from negative anomalies. Genetic Anomalies from Pregnancy Risk are possible when Pregnancy Risk is 30% or higher at the time of foaling.
Additionally, even if foals do not suffer genetic anomalies they may face other complications of high-Risk pregnancy. This can cause foals to be born with lower Athleticism, higher (racing) Risk, and lower Longevity.
|Miscarriages And Stillborns|
Miscarriages will be revealed at the final check up. Miscarriages are caused by the mare’s age and her fertility. Once a mare is 15 years of age or older, they are at an increased risk of a Miscarriage.
Stillborns can be caused by the Health gene of the foal and/or Pregnancy Risk. The only time the chance of a stillborn is 0% is if the parents’ Health cross is Outstanding to Outstanding and the pregnancy risk is 0%. The risk of a stillborn is greatest when the foal has a high chance of a Poor or Fair Health gene. Additionally, Lethal Silver Syndrome and Lethal Champagne Syndrome can also cause stillborns amongst other things, and should be completely avoided by not crossing a pair of horses that both carry the Silver gene or a pair of horses that both carry the Champagne gene. Foals being born to studs out of foal slots will also result in a foal not being born.
Mares with a history of Breeding Complications (from Y44 and onwards) will have reports on their Breeding Info page which lists sire, year, and cause.
If you would like to know the sex of the foal before foaling, you can perform an ultrasound. It is found in the Veterinarian tab under Services. It can also be found on the mare’s breeding info page. Ultrasounds cost $500,000 per mare and are completely optional. If the sex is opposite of what you want, you can use a Precious or Prized Petal Dust while the foal is still in utero. This ensures the foal will come out a certain gender. Ultrasounding mares also locks her into foaling that gender if no dust is used.
Please note: The only exception to this is when it comes to Fae foals. Homozygous Fae foals will always be fillies (regardless of ultrasounds and/or dusting) and heterozygous Fae foals will most likely be fillies so an ultrasound and/or dusting does not provide a guaranty of sex.