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|Getting Ready to Stand|
Ideally when standing a stallion you want to take a closer look at him. Is he what would be considered an ideal stallion?
Things to be looking at when standing your stallion:
• Genetics - Are his genes going to attract mares? Is he a genetic stamina or a speed horse?
• Points - Has he earned a Performance Merit, Performance Distinction or Court of Stars?
• Pedigree - The MOST important factor. Has his sire made SIP? How is his parent's producer quality? Are there any Seal of Pedigree horses in his lines? How has his lines produced?
• Bloodtype - Is he specifically typed and shown with proof of testing?
In regards to Genetics, a stud should not be a genetic intermediate to reduce the risk of lower potential foals and to also not risk breeding intermediate horses himself. He should also ideally not have any Poor genes in sight and no Fair genes in crucial areas such as Conformation, etc. Though, if a stallion has one flawed gene isn't always the end of the world but it makes it harder to attract mares. Colts with multiple flaws usually mean that they are better off being gelded. Another thing to look out for is Low Peak. Stallions should ideally have Moderate or above.
|A stallion has to have a minimum of 50 race points or 50 color show points to breed, in-house or publicly. If you retire a stud that has less than 50 race or color show points, you can give him a Bachelor's Party (that makes him eligible), otherwise you will not be able to breed him!
Under normal circumstances, you want to retire a stallion with a Performance Merit (100pts) or Distinction (250pts). Why is this important? Performance Merits and Distinctions contribute positively towards their foals' potential. Performance Merits also award additional foal slots. Achieving a Color Merit (100 show points) does not contribute a bonus to a stallion's foals.
|In order for a stallion to breed, you have to purchase a complete genotype. You can do this by navigating to Breeding, Geneticist, and purchasing Genotype from there. You can also purchase genotypes directly from the top of a horse's genetics page. This shows your stallions exact genes (alleles) to help you and the mare owner to determine whether or not your stallion is the right match for prospective mares. Players who have the max breeding skill can sometimes be rewarded the genotyping for free upon the horse's retirement.|
Blood Type is very important when breeding. It is important that stallions have been tested for a blood type through a Blood Test or verified through parentage. Other options include blood type ranging and cloaking, but ideally a stallion should be exact tested.
Blood Type Ranging a stallion has it's disadvantages in comparison to testing for exact type. A stallion who has be range tested will not receive a discount to his listing fee and there is also no guarantee on what they will produce well with than an exact type.
Cloaking a horse with Mistweaver's Cloak is another option for stallions if there is worry about his producer quality. However, like blood type ranging it will not guarantee what it produces well with.
It is not recommended that stallions are stood with a 'Cloaked Line' blood type.
Cloaked lined stallions are recommended to either be re-cloaked or given a Runemaster's Tome to give him a blood type.
For more information on Blood Types, please be sure to visit the Blood Type page.
|Listing for Stud|
In order to stand a stallion at public stud, available for other players to breed to, you will need to pay a listing fee. This fee must be paid each year you wish to list your stallion on the public roster. If you opt out of paying a fee, you may still breed to your stallion privately.
The baseline listing fee is $800,000, however, this fee may be reduced if your stallion is eligible for discounts. Quality stallions typically stand for significantly less than the baseline fee.
Discounts are offered for all of the following:
• Cloaked (before earning SIP)
• Blood Type tested
• Earning a Performance Merit, Performance Distinction, or Court of Stars
• Enrollment level within the Stallion Incentive Program
• 'Foundation' lineage (Select Sale, Import, Horse Trader, Goldblood)
• Standardbred and non-Appendix Quarter Horse/Paint Horse
Finally, discounts are given based upon player rank as listed below.
• Green/Novice: 75% discount
• Amateur: 50% discount
• Savvy: 25% discount
Stallion owners will receive a Listing Fee Stipend depending on the amount of stallions you list. Stipends are a discount on listing fees as follows: $200,000 for the first 10 stallions listed, $100,000 for the next 10, and $50,000 for the next 10. This means a stipend of some sort will apply to the first 30 stallions listed each year. Once you've listed 30 stallions, your stallions are all ineligible for stipends.
However, you may decide to not list your stallion for public stud. This has it's advantages but it also has it's disadvantages. The obvious advantage being that it will not cost a listing fee. Disadvantages being that stallions may not receive the variety of mares that he may need in order to gain SIP status.
|Suggested Stud Fee|
|Once you've decided you want to stand a stud, you must set their stud fee. You can use the 'Calculate Stud Fee' option on his Manage, Breeding Info page, or Stud Services page to find out what FFH suggests his stud fee should be. This is based on his individual genetics and traits, and has been created to help create some degree of uniformity on the site (it gets confusing when two equal studs vary greatly in price!). While this is suggested, it is not a requirement. You can make his fee higher or lower based on your own opinions, and there are many valid reasons for doing so.
Some members choose to set a lower stud fee the first year or two and then increase it once the stud has proven himself as a producer. Other reasons for setting it lower may be if a stallion has bad genes in an important area (health, conformation) even though he has good genes in other areas. On the other hand, a stud fee might be increased by having a rare color or markings or by having great genes in important areas. Of course, popularity/demand can also be a valid reason for charging a little more for a stud.
Once you have stood a stallion you can then edit his listing/roster settings under his manage page or on the stud services page under the 'edit' button.
Here you will find three things:
• Primary Fee - How much you will be standing him for
• Payment Type - Determines if he will have a FFH Cash or a Pro Coin fee
• Accepted Breeds - Determines if he will allow breeding for appendix crosses or only purebreds
Note: Goldbloods and Standardbreds are the only two breeds who do not breed outside of their own individual breeds.
|Requests & Breeding|
Stallions start to receive requests from January (if they were listed as open prior/during the month) and all the way through to June. Ideally, you want to take mares as soon as possible so that it is ensured that the mare takes and you have an early foal. You will know your stallion had a request when you receive a message in your inbox.
Ideally, you want at least five mares to a stallion in order to test for SIP next season in July once the mares have foaled. Requests are then looked at and decided on if they are accepted, denied or waived. Waiving fees can make things easier if for example, a mare miscarries one year and the stallion owner isn't going to re-charge the mare owner. However, be sure to take all types of mares so that the stallion's DAQ isn't inflated. Only sending high quality mares to a stallion means you're going to have a higher DAQ than if you took mixed/average quality mares.
Once a stallion reaches the amount of mares a stud owner is willing to take, you can mark the stallion as full on the stud services page.
|Mare owners will start shipping their mares for cover starting in February. It is highly suggested you make sure your stallion(s) are at peak condition (80%+) at the time of covering! Low condition can cause a lot of foal defects and lower the stallion's fertility, this can and should be avoided. Once your stallion has successfully covered a mare the covering fee will be deposited into your bank account. If the mare fails to catch, the mare owner will re-ship her for a re-breed, but the re-cover will not cost the mare owner. |
Covering limits are decided by your stallion's fertility. Once he has reached his limit, he cannot service any more mares until the month rolls over. You can improve his fertility with Vigor which will improve the mares he can cover that season by one and ensures all his mares get in foal. Keeping your stud in optimal condition will make sure his fertility doesn't drop, minimize the chance of foal defects at the time of cover, and has the small chance to improve overall fertility if kept up on.
|Items for Stallions|
|None of the feeds or items listed below are necessary for caring for and managing stallions under normal circumstances. However, sometimes you may find that you encounter a situation where a stallion is struggling with condition or fertility issues. Below are optional feeds and items to help your standing stallions!|
|This can be found in the Pro-Shop, user shops, and can be crafted. This locks a horse into 70% condition, which is a great way to help older stallions stay in somewhat good condition. Stallions should be 80% condition or higher before servicing mares!|
|This is a supplement found in the Feed Mill page. You can occasionally find it in user shops or farm plots. Feeding vigor during the breeding season will ensure his mares bred will stay in foal past second checkup, so this is a good option for a stallion who has low fertility and has issues of mares retaining pregnancy! Does not negate stillborn chances!|
|This is a supplement found in the Feed Mill page. You can occasionally find it in user shops or farm plots. Giving Legacy to your stallion will increase his overall foal slots by 3-5. This supplement is limited to once a lifetime.|
|This is a supplement found in the Feed Mill page. You can occasionally find it in user shops or farm plots. Prodigy will increase bloodline compatibility for one year, making all matches at least average (2-off) quality. Stallions need to be fed this during the breeding season!|
|This can be purchased in the Pro-Shop during sales and found occasionally in user shops. This can be given to a stallion to add 5-7 foal slots. If he is pensioned, it will also restore him to retired status! This item is limited to once a lifetime.|
|This can be purchased in the Pro-Shop during sales and found occasionally in user shops. This can be given to a retired stallion who has less than 50 points to automatically qualify him for standing at stud. It will put him at exactly 50 points.|
|This can be found in the Pro-Shop, user shops, and can be crafted. This ensures all his mares bred will give birth to live foals. This item only has a year affect on stallions! This is a good item to use if you want to be certain all of a stud's foals will be born in the following season. Perhaps you want to make sure you'll have enough foals to SIP test him; or maybe you have reason to be worried about stillborns because of broodmare age or sub-optimal Health crosses.|
|This ancient cloak will both randomize your horse's bloodline and conceal it for the horse and its offspring. It also improves Heritage, Peak, and Prime genes as well as producer quality. If you are unsure of your stallions breeding capabilities, it may be best to use a cloak!|