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|What are Stallion Grades|
|Stallion Grades are a measurement of a retired stallion, in addition to SIP. Unlike SIP, grades test a stallion’s aptitude for producing high potential foals, rather than average foal potential of those produced.
A stallion must receive a grade once every year to be eligible to stand at stud. Grades can increase or decrease when tested, to ensure the grade shown is accurate to the stud’s current situation. You can test a stallion’s grade through the Stallion Testing Center and from the main Stud Services page. Once tested, grades are displayed on the horse’s page, in pedigrees, in the stud roster, and in genotype search results.
The different grades are A, B, C, D, and F, with A being the best grade possible and F (also referred to as a ‘Fail’) being the worst. Stallions who receive an F grade can not stand publicly. They can be bred privately, but it’s best to consider the reasons a stud might have received the grade they did before breeding them.
|What do Stallion Grades consist of?|
|The grading system considers producer quality, producing record, and genes that impact a foal’s potential. The system is also more lenient on less established breeds, so Stock and Standardbreds are not judged as harshly as TB/GB. The genes considered are:
• Stat Genes
• Surface Genes
• Distance Genes
|Why would a stallion receive a low or failing grade?|
| There are a few reasons a stallion might receive an F grade. A stallion will automatically receive an F if:
• their AFP is below 20 (TB/GB only).
• They’re a tested BA producer
• Both their surface genes are recessive
• Both their distance genes are less than good
That said, even if a stallion does not meet the requirements for automatic failure, if he possesses multiple negatives to his grade he can still earn an F. Many times, if there is no obvious reason for a stud having received a low (D) or failing grade, it can be attributed to producer quality, so most people are wary of breeding to D graded studs with no visible genetic or AFP penalties.
|Benefits and penalties of grades|
|The main benefit to a stud having a high grade is his listing fee. A stallion who receives an A or B grade will receive a listing fee discount. Conversely, D graded stallions must pay a listing fee penalty. As mentioned before, the biggest penalty applies to studs with F grades, since they can not stand publicly unless their grades improve.|