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Performance Ratings, also referred to as PRs, are a measure of how well a horse performed in a race. You can think of it as a numerical value assigned to the time where a high PR correlates to a fast time. A horse who earns a higher PR will place higher in a race than a horse who earns a low PR - this ordering can never be swapped.
PRs also generally correlate to what grade a horse should enter, as listed in a chart on the Evaluating Talent page. Although a horse can sometimes run unusually well or unusually poor, once they're racing consistently you should get an idea of their average PR and use that as a guideline for entering. If your horse is consistently running a lower PR than their Potential suggests is possible (per chart on the linked page), it's time to figure out what's going on so you can improve their performance.
This page walks through all of the major and minor components of PR, but we've also provided a PR Predictor calculator you can use to easily pinpoint problem areas for your horses. It may be useful to refer back to this page as you plug your horses' information into the template.
Performance Ratings are offered as a stablewide upgrade in the Pro Shop. Once purchased, you'll be able to see PRs in all past and future races for any horse you own. You'll also see statistics on their page for their (recent) average PR, highest PR, and best PR of the year. This can help you make entering decisions quickly, but is otherwise not necessary for success.
You don't need the Performance Ratings upgrade to figure out your horses' PRs! The lengths (L) between horses in a race always corresponds to the difference in PR between those two horses. 1 length = 2 PR points or L * 2 = Difference in PR. If your horse ran 10 L behind a horse that ran a 120 PR, you can calculate that your horse ran 100 PR.
This formula is accurate until PRs enter very narrow margins (within 2 points), in which case you may see a variety of notes including: 3/4L, head, neck, or nose. In this case, depending on the exact margin, the PRs of the two horses will be 1-2 points apart, or possibly the same.
|Primary Components of PR
|The factors listed in this section are all considered major or primary components of PR. These are things that can consistently impact a horse's PR to a significant degree. Due to their impact, they are the first things you should look at if a horse is running worse than expected.
|Secondary Components of PR
The following factors are all considered secondary or moderate components of PR. Many of these factors are variable in intensity and won't impact every horse to the same degree. How much they impact an individual horse will depend upon its unique stats or genes. Many of these factors can add bonuses or penalties in different situations.
Another thing to keep in mind is these factors are all more important in horses that have lower Potential, as they're earning less points from Potential and Style. A 30 Potential horse who is earning bonuses here can easily overpower a Peerless horse who is earning several penalties here.
|Rare & Insignificant Components of PR
|This final section includes a variety of components that may add or subtract a few points from PRs. Many of these are highly situational and don't apply to every horse. A history of severe injuries, for example, can have a huge impact on PR but most horses don't experience them frequently and won't face the most extreme PR consequences.